Treating Advanced Gum Disease
Being diagnosed with gingivitis can definitely cause you some worry. After all, if gingivitis is not reversed, it can develop into more serious forms of periodontal disease. When left to progress, advanced gum disease requires some serious treatments to correct it.
There are several non-surgical options your dentist may offer to fight gum disease if possible.
- Scaling and Root Planing
This is a common dental procedure for removing plaque below the gumline. With this deep cleaning, your dentist uses tools or an ultrasonic device to remove the tartar. Scaling occurs at one level, while root planing goes even deeper.
Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to help control the bacterial infection in your gums. These antibiotics can be in the form of rinses, gels or oral antibiotics.
If your gum disease is severe, surgical treatment may be necessary. Your dentist could suggest one of the following:
- Flap Surgery a.k.a. Pocket Reduction Surgery
Advanced gum disease can cause “pockets” in your gums where your teeth are no longer attached to the gumline. When this happens, the space becomes uncleanable, and bacteria remain in the pocket. Flap surgery removes the infected tissue and then places the gums back against your teeth, stitching them in place to promote healing.
- Soft Tissue Grafts
If your gums are receding, a soft tissue graft may be suggested. Healthy tissue is taken from your mouth and grafted to the area needing new tissue. This will promote the growth of healthy tissue in the areas where it is needed.
- Bone Grafting
If your teeth are experiencing bone loss, bone grafting may be used. An incision is made into your gums, and processed bone minerals are then deposited. Your own body will then generate bone cells around this area and promote healing.
- Guided Tissue Regeneration
This surgical technique will have your dentist inserting a piece of mesh beneath your gumline so that your gum will not grow into the area where your bone should be. This encourages bone to regenerate and the development of healthy gums.
The best thing you can do is avoid advanced gum disease. If your dentist diagnoses you with gingivitis, know that it can be reversed. Good oral hygiene habits, along with regular dental check-ups and the use of products designed to fight gum disease can help you keep your teeth healthy and avoid advanced gum disease treatments.