What Is Periodontal Disease?

You wake up. You go and brush your teeth, and you notice while brushing that your gums are bleeding and look slightly swollen and red. Perhaps, you think to yourself, “I must’ve just brushed my teeth too hard.” But, that may not be the case. You may be suffering from periodontal disease, also known as gum disease.

What Is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gum tissue. It occurs when plaque, a soft, sticky film containing bacteria, builds up on your teeth. This infection, if left untreated, can cause damage to your gums and tooth loss. Additionally, if the infection enters your bloodstream, it can cause infections in other parts of your body, potentially damaging your heart and other vital organs.

The 3 Stages of Periodontal Disease

There are three stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Let’s look a bit closer at these three stages.


If you suffer from persistent tartar and plaque, you may find yourself experiencing the first stage of periodontal disease: gingivitis. In this stage, your gums around the base of your teeth are irritated and inflamed. You may have gingivitis without even realizing it as there may be little pain or discomfort.


The second stage of gum disease is known as periodontitis and occurs when gingivitis is left untreated. Gums inflamed by prolonged gingivitis can pull away from your teeth and form pockets between your gums and teeth. These pockets can now trap food and plaque below the gumline. When this happens, you may begin to notice that the tissue and bones holding your teeth in place are irreversibly damaged.

Advanced Periodontitis

The final stage of periodontal disease is advanced periodontitis. At this stage, the tissue and bones holding your teeth in place are destroyed. You may find that your teeth are loose and may need to be removed.

Is Periodontal Disease Preventable?

Periodontal disease is preventable and, when detected early, damage can be reversed. Regular visits to your dentist are important, as is proper flossing and brushing. Daily flossing and brushing are your first defense against gum disease. Perfect Smile Oral Care products can be used to help prevent gum disease. Perfect Smile Oral Care products contain Coenzyme Q10 and Vitamin C that has been clinically proven to help prevent or reverse the effects of gum disease. If used regularly, these products can help maintain good gum health by strengthening your gum tissue.